Ecotourism at Loktak Lake Floating Islands, located in the northeastern state of Manipur, India, is famous for its floating islands. Known as Phumdis, these islands are made up of organic matter such as soil, vegetation, and decaying plants that have accumulated over time. The Phumdis not only serve as a home to various species of flora and fauna but also play a crucial role in maintaining the ecosystem of the lake. However, over the years, these islands have come under threat due to human activities, leading to the degradation of the lake and its ecosystem.
What are Phumdis?
Phumdis are unique floating islands that can be found only in Loktak Lake. They are formed due to the accumulation of organic matter, such as soil, vegetation, and decaying plants, over time. These floating islands range in size from a few square meters to several hectares and are held together by the roots of aquatic plants. The Phumdis provide a habitat for various species of birds, animals, and fish, and also play an important role in maintaining the ecosystem of the lake.
Threats to Phumdis and Loktak Lake
Despite their significance, the Phumdis and Loktak Lake are facing several threats. One of the major threats is human activities such as fishing, agriculture, and construction, which have led to the degradation of the lake and its ecosystem. In addition, the encroachment of the lake by settlements and the dumping of waste and pollutants into the lake have further exacerbated the problem. As a result, the Phumdis are shrinking in size, and the ecosystem of the lake is being severely impacted.
Importance of Phumdis and Loktak Lake
Phumdis and Loktak Lake play a crucial role in maintaining the ecosystem of the region. The Phumdis serve as a habitat for various species of birds, animals, and fish, which play an important role in the food chain. In addition, the lake is a source of water for agriculture and domestic use, and its ecosystem helps regulate the water cycle and prevent soil erosion. The Phumdis also play an important role in maintaining the water quality of the lake and regulating its water levels.
Efforts to Save Phumdis and Loktak Lake
In recent years, there have been several efforts to save the Phumdis and Loktak Lake. The government of Manipur has launched several initiatives to protect the lake and its ecosystem, such as regulating human activities, preventing waste dumping, and encouraging sustainable development. In addition, local communities and NGOs have also been working to raise awareness about the importance of the lake and its ecosystem and to encourage conservation efforts.
Ecotourism-at-loktak-lake-floating-islands and its floating islands, the Phumdis, are a unique and important part of the ecosystem in northeastern India. Despite facing several threats, there are efforts underway to protect the lake and its ecosystem. It is important for all of us to understand the significance of Loktak Lake and the Phumdis and to work towards their conservation. By doing so, we can ensure that future generations can enjoy the wondrous floating islands and the rich biodiversity of the lake.
What is Loktak Lake known for?
Loktak Lake is known for its unique floating islands, called Phumdis.
What are Phumdis?
Phumdis are floating islands found only in Loktak Lake that are made up of organic matter such as soil, vegetation, and decaying plants that have accumulated over time.